REFRESCH, an acronym for Researching Fresh Solutions to the Energy/ Water/ Food Challenge in Resource-Constrained Environments, is a Third Century Initiative project led by Johannes Schwank of the Energy Institute. The Third Century Initiative is a highly competitive $50 million, five-year funded research program developed by the Office of the Provost. Its goal is to provide freedom for researchers and students to tackle real problems, to learn immersively and together, and to prepare the University, as it approaches its bicentennial, for a third century of research leadership.
There is significant momentum behind natural gas extraction efforts in the United States, with many states embracing it as an opportunity to create jobs and foster economic strength. Natural gas extraction has also been championed as a way to move toward energy independence and a cleaner energy supply. First demonstrated in the 1940’s, hydraulic fracturing is now the predominant method used to extract natural gas in the U.S.
A collaboration between the University of Michigan Energy Institute (UMEI) and Institute for Social Research (ISR), the U-M Energy Survey provides a ongoing, rigorously designed and nationally representative survey of Americans' attitudes about energy. As a quarterly rider appended to ISR’s world-renowned Surveys of Consumers Attitudes (SCA), the survey is designed to elicit consumer perceptions of the affordability, reliability and environmental impacts of energy.
The Hydrogen Energy Technology Laboratory (HETL) supports efforts to the discover and develop materials, processes and systems that have the potential to significantly increase the efficiency and reduce the cost of producing hydrogen from domestic natural resources including research on photoelectrochemical, thermochemical and fuel processing systems, enhance our ability to conveniently and inexpensively store large amounts of hydrogen including research on advanced chemical storage systems, and improve the efficiency and reduce the cost of devices used to convert hydrogen into electrical a