REFRESCH, an acronym for Researching Fresh Solutions to the Energy/ Water/ Food Challenge in Resource-Constrained Environments, is a Third Century Initiative project led by Johannes Schwank of the Energy Institute. The Third Century Initiative is a highly competitive $50 million, five-year funded research program developed by the Office of the Provost. Its goal is to provide freedom for researchers and students to tackle real problems, to learn immersively and together, and to prepare the University, as it approaches its bicentennial, for a third century of research leadership.
A collaboration between the University of Michigan Energy Institute (UMEI) and Institute for Social Research (ISR), the U-M Energy Survey provides a ongoing, rigorously designed and nationally representative survey of Americans' attitudes about energy. As a quarterly rider appended to ISR’s world-renowned Surveys of Consumers Attitudes (SCA), the survey is designed to elicit consumer perceptions of the affordability, reliability and environmental impacts of energy.
Transportation is one of several major sectors that contribute to climate change. Globally, the sector's roughly 25% share of man-made carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions is similar to its share of energy consumption. Because liquid fuels are so well suited for powering cars, trucks, boats and aircraft, transportation is uniquely reliant on oil, which is the best natural resource for producing liquid fuels.