This report highlights some notable trends in consumer views about the link between energy use and the environment as observed over the 17 quarterly survey samples analyzed to date, from Fall 2013 through Fall 2017. Not only do a rising number of Americans say that energy use affects the environment “a lot,” but a significantly growing portion of the population believes that global warming is the aspect of the environment most affected by energy use. That’s a view now held by 36% of U.S. consumers, compared to 25% when the survey started in Fall 2013.
This extensive literature review, conducted by a team of Masters students at the University of Michigan School for Environment and Sustainability, seeks to develop a cost curve for established, demonstrated, and speculative carbon removal methods. This report has been altered and expanded in cooperation with the Energy Institute.