TRB Special Report 311: Effects of Diluted Bitumen on Crude Oil Transmission Pipelines analyzes whether shipments of diluted bitumen have a greater likelihood of release from pipelines than shipments of other crude oils. The oil sands region of Canada is the source of diluted bitumen shipped by pipeline to the United States.
The New York Times posted an article today entitled Industry Awakens to the Threat of Climate Change, describing how Coke, Nike, the World Bank and even the tycoons in Davos are looking at the physical impacts of climate change as a business risk with real dollars attached to them in the form of lost resources.
A collaboration between the University of Michigan Energy Institute (UMEI) and Institute for Social Research (ISR), the U-M Energy Survey provides a ongoing, rigorously designed and nationally representative survey of Americans' attitudes about energy. As a quarterly rider appended to ISR’s world-renowned Surveys of Consumers Attitudes (SCA), the survey is designed to elicit consumer perceptions of the affordability, reliability and environmental impacts of energy.