No matter what their income bracket, American consumers all express an equal degree of “personal worry” about the impact of energy use on the environment, according to the newest findings of the University of Michigan Energy Survey. A joint effort of the U-M Energy Institute and Institute for Social Research, the quarterly survey gauges consumer perceptions and beliefs about key energy-related concerns including affordability, reliability and impact on the environment.
Click here to view or download the U-M Energy Survey report in full.
During one portion of the survey, respondents were asked how much they personally worry about three factors: energy reliability, affordability and environmental impact. Responses were sorted into three self-reported income brackets. Researchers found that respondents in the lowest of the three income brackets worried about reliability and affordability of energy more than those in the top- and middle-income thirds. However, the percentage of respondents who reported worrying a “great deal” or a “fair amount” about energy’s environmental impact held steady across the income brackets, averaging close to 60%.
Data were collected in January 2014 while parts of the country were experiencing frigid weather and regional increases in energy prices. Nevertheless, consumers consistently expressed at least as much concern for the energy’s environmental impact as they did for its affordability.
“The fact that US consumers care as much about the environmental impact of energy as they do about its affordability was a surprise finding from our first round of data, collected last October,” said John DeCicco, U-M Energy Institute research professor and survey director. The second round of U-M Energy Survey data shows that this result was no seasonal anomaly. “In fact,” notes DeCicco, “the January data strengthen the statistical significance of American consumers’ uniformly high degree of concern about the environment even in relation to core issues such as energy costs.”
The U-M Energy Survey also probed consumers’ expectations about their energy bills and the cost levels that would find to be unaffordable. Although average self-reported home energy bills rose from October to January (as expected based on the weather), the level that would be considered unaffordable did not change significantly, averaging out to roughly $420 per month.
How much consumers felt that their bills would have to increase before becoming unaffordable was found to vary by income bracket. If energy bills doubled (a 100% increase), they would be seen as unaffordable by the lower third of households according to income bracket. Consumers in the middle-income bracket view a 130% increase as unaffordable. However, energy bills would have to roughly triple (a 200% increase) before being seen as unaffordable to consumers in the top third of self-reported household income.
Compared to home energy bills, “consumers express much less tolerance for gasoline price hikes,” notes DeCicco. As might be expected, the gasoline price that consumers would see as unaffordable varies by income. But on average, an 84% increase, to roughly $5.90 per gallon, would push consumers to where they felt they’d have to make significant changes in their vehicle use or how they travel. That’s in comparison to the roughly 145% increase in home energy bills that would be seen as unaffordable to consumers on average.
The U-M Energy Survey is administered four times a year through a set of questions added quarterly to the Thomson Reuters/University of Michigan Surveys of Consumers, conducted by ISR since 1946. Energy data will be made available through public archives generally less than a year after each new sample is analyzed.
University of Michigan Energy Institute
The demand for economically and environmentally sound energy solutions is urgent and global. The Energy Institute builds on the University of Michigan’s strong energy research heritage at the heart of the nation’s automotive and manufacturing industries to develop and integrate science, technology and policy solutions to pressing energy challenges. Visit the Energy Institute here and the homepage for the survey project here.
Institute for Social Research
Established in 1949, the University of Michigan Institute for Social Research is the world’s largest academic social science survey and research organization, and a world leader in developing and applying social science methodology, and in educating researchers and students from around the world. Visit ISR here.
Thomson Reuters/University of Michigan Surveys of Consumers
Based on telephone interviews with 500 U.S. households conducted every month, the Surveys of Consumers is a rotating panel survey based on a nationally representative sample that gives each household in the coterminous U.S. an equal probability of being selected. Visit the Survey of Consumers here.